HOW MANY NAPPIES DO I NEED?
The number of nappies you need depends on the age of your baby, how often you wish to wash and if you want to use cloth full time, usually around 25-30 or part time 12-15.
For example a newborn will need more nappy changes than an older baby and you may not want to wash as often in those first few weeks.
WASHING - SIMPLE
1. Flush solids into the toilet.
2. Store. Give soiled and night nappies a quick hand rinse.
3. Pre-rinse Once you have enough nappies for a wash. This gets rid of any excess urine or soiling.
4. Wash up to 60°C.
All in Two (AI2) is where you have an outer waterproof shell (as known as a cover) and you add an insert that either snap in place or you lay in the shell. The big plus to his design is you can easy reuse the outer shell and just replace the insert with a fresh one at change time, which can help reduce washing amounts. They have a faster drying time and are available in snap or Velcro. Perfect for cooler seasons and climates! Price of these do vary.
These are the most common starting point for most cloth families as they are available in a whole unit and all they normally need is a prep, wash and dry then onto the bubs bottom for use.
All in Ones are the bees-knees of modern cloth nappies with an outer layer of PUL (waterproof fabric) that allows for breathability, as well as varying layers of hemp, bamboo or microfibre sewn inside the nappy and topped with microfleece. This means that there is no need to stuff them. These nappies are great to grab and go, however they do have longer drying times (best to dry them inside out). Some of the all in ones we stock (i.e GroVia) have the layers sewn in such a way that allows for quicker drying times, whilst other all in ones have a pocket as well as the inserts sewn in so that you can boost up the nappy if needed.
Pocket nappies are shaped and elasticised, however they consist of an outer shell of laminated fabric (PUL or TPU) that is waterproof and breathable, thus allowing the skin to breathe, and an inner layer of microfleece or cotton velour to draw wetness away to the core. They have an opening in the back or the front (depending on the brand) where you add “stuffers” or “inserts” made from hemp, bamboo or microfibre. Pocket nappies are quick drying due to the ability to separate the inserts from the covers and come in a fantastic array of colours and styles including our speciality: the one size fits all. Pocket nappies are a complete nappy so they DO NOT require a cover and all our pocket nappies come complete with the inserts so there are no hidden costs.
Fitted nappies are made of absorbent material such as bamboo, hemp or cotton (velour, terry or flannelette). These nappies are shaped and fitted with elastic so they go on like a disposable and keep everything where it should be, especially at the messiest times. Fitted nappies are perfect for heavy wetters, night-time and long car trips. They are also good in the first few months when you may need two barriers of protection against those charming newborn poos. All fitted nappies require a cover to prevent clothes and bedding from becoming damp.
Prefolds consist of layers of fabric sewn together to make a flat ‘nappy’. The layers of fabric are more concentrated in the middle third of the fabric to create a much trimmer yet more absorbent form of the terry square. We stock prefolds that are made from super soft cotton they are gentle on bottoms yet absorbent and trim, as well as prefolds made from bamboo and hemp for even greater absorbancy. Prefolds are great at any time, however they are very useful in the newborn period where you are changing more frequently. They can be used as boosters and inserts later on also. Remember that they require a cover!!
The next step would be looking at getting a cover (a waterproof outer shell) and then added to it yours prefer insert type. The difference with a Cover and an AI2 is the you will only get the waterproof shell, you will need to buy the insert to add to it to absorb bubs wee. The cover comes ina few different material options but the most common three is a Polyurethane laminate (PUL), a wool or a fleece. The big difference to these three is the pul is the only water proof cover, where the other two are water resistant.
Sized nappies are available in newborn, small, medium and large sizes. These nappies are great as they fit your baby perfectly at each of their growing stages, with no extra bulk; however you will need to purchase larger sizes as your baby grows. The newborn sized nappies fit premmie or very small newborns really well.
OSFM One Size Fits Most
These nappies are designed to grow with your baby from birth (approx. 4kg) to toilet training (approx. 15kg). These nappies give the ultimate in economy, especially when used on more than one child; however they can be quite bulky on newborns. Some nappies adjust with snaps at the front, some adjust with snaps at the back, whilst others fold down in the front for the newborn stage.
An insert refers to a wad of fabric, microfibre, hemp or bamboo, which is placed inside a pocket nappy. The insert is the absorbent part of the nappy. Some inserts are one size meaning they are intended to be used in a one size nappy and as such have snaps to fold open to make them bigger.
A booster, on the other hand, is a wad of fabric that can be placed on top of the nappy’s inner or outside of a fitted nappy between the nappy and cover. Boosters can also be placed inside the pocket of a pocket nappy. The purpose of a booster is to boost the absorbancy of the nappy. Generally, boosters are made of hemp or bamboo as microfibre should not be in direct contact with the baby’s skin due to its drying effects.
Liners are used on a nappy’s inner to catch any solid mess. Liners can be washable (usually microfleece) or biodegradable paper. Silk liners can be used for children with extra sensitive skin or aversions to human-made fibres.